Ukwakheka kanye Nezici Ezithonya Zamagciwane Esikhumba

Ukwakheka kanye Nezici Ezinomthelela weAma-Skin Microbes

1. Ukwakheka kwamagciwane esikhumba

Amagciwane esikhumba angamalungu abalulekile e-ecosystem yesikhumba, futhi izitshalo ezisesikhumbeni ngokuvamile zingahlukaniswa zibe amabhaktheriya ahlala khona kanye namagciwane adlulayo.Amabhaktheriya ahlala khona ayiqembu lama-microorganisms ahlanganisa isikhumba esinempilo, okuhlanganisa i-Staphylococcus, i-Corynebacterium, i-Propionibacterium, i-Acinetobacter, i-Malassezia, i-Micrococcus, i-Enterobacter, ne-Klebsiella.Amagciwane esikhashana abhekisela ekilasini lama-microorganisms atholakala ngokuthintana nemvelo yangaphandle, kuhlanganise ne-Staphylococcus aureus, i-Streptococcus hemolyticus ne-Enterococcus, njll.Amagciwane angamagciwane avelele esikhumbeni, futhi kukhona nesikhunta esikhumbeni.Kusukela ezingeni le-phylum, idrama entsha ebusweni besikhumba ikakhulukazi yakhiwe ama-phyla amane, okuyi-Actinobacteria, ama-Firmicutes, ama-Proteobacteria nama-Bacteroidetes.Kusukela ezingeni lohlobo, amagciwane asendaweni yesikhumba ikakhulukazi i-Corynebacterium, i-Staphylococcus ne-Propionibacterium.La magciwane adlala indima enkulu ekugcineni impilo yesikhumba.

2. Izinto ezithinta i-microecology yesikhumba

(1) Isici sokusingatha

Njengobudala, ubulili, indawo, konke kunomthelela kumagciwane esikhumba.

(2) Izithasiselo zesikhumba

Ukuhlasela kwesikhumba kanye nezithako, okuhlanganisa nezindlala zomjuluko (izindlala zokujuluka kanye ne-apocrine), izindlala ze-sebaceous, nezimbotshana zezinwele, zinezimila zazo ezihlukile.

(3) Isimo sendawo yesikhumba.

Izinguquko ze-topographical ebusweni besikhumba zisekelwe ekwehlukeni kwesifunda ku-anatomy yesikhumba.Izindlela ezisekelwe emasikweni zicwaninga ukuthi izindawo ezahlukene ze-topographical zisekela ama-microorganisms ahlukene.

(4) Izitho zomzimba

Izindlela zebhayoloji zamangqamuzana zibona umqondo wokuhlukahluka kwamagciwane, zigcizelela ukuthi i-microbiota yesikhumba incike endaweni yomzimba.Ikholoni yebhaktheriya incike endaweni yemvelo yesikhumba futhi ihlotshaniswa ne-microenvironment ethile emanzi, eyomile, e-sebaceous, njll.

(5) Ukushintsha kwesikhathi

Izindlela zebhayoloji zamangqamuzana zasetshenziswa ukutadisha izinguquko zesikhashana nezendawo zesikhumba se-microbiota, okutholakale ukuthi zihlobene nesikhathi nendawo yesampula.

(6) ukushintsha kwe-pH

Kusukela ngo-1929, i-Marchionini yafakazela ukuthi isikhumba sine-acidic, ngaleyo ndlela isungula umqondo wokuthi isikhumba sine-"countercoat" engavimbela ukukhula kwama-microorganisms futhi ivikele umzimba ekuthelelekeni, okuye kwasetshenziswa ocwaningweni lwe-dermatological kuze kube yilolu suku.

(7) Izici zangaphandle - ukusetshenziswa kwezimonyo

Kunezici eziningi exogenous ezithintai-microecology yesikhumba, njengezinga lokushisa, umswakama, izinga lomoya, izimonyo, njll. yendawo yangaphandle.Phakathi kwezinto eziningi zangaphandle, izimonyo zingenye yezinto ezibalulekile ezithinta i-microecology yesikhumba kwezinye izingxenye zomzimba womuntu ngenxa yokuxhumana njalo kwesikhumba nezimonyo.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jun-27-2022

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